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Birds are Amazing: Hummingbirds


Height: 3 - 5 in.

Wingspan: 4 - 7.5 in.

Weight: 2 - 20 grams

Lifespan: 4 to12 years

Hummingbirds are some of the most fascinating creatures in the avian world. With their vibrant colors, small size, and incredible speed, it's no wonder that these tiny birds have captured the imagination of people all over the world. In this blog post, we will explore some of the most interesting facts about hummingbirds.

Physical Characteristics

Hummingbirds are small birds, typically measuring between 3 to 5 inches in length and weighing between 2 and 20 grams. They have a unique flying pattern that allows them to hover in place and move in any direction, thanks to their wings that flap up to 80 times per second. Their wings are also specially adapted to allow for precise control of flight, making them capable of flying backwards, upside down, and even hovering in mid-air. Additionally, hummingbirds have long, thin bills that allow them to extract nectar from flowers and feed on insects.

Diet and Feeding Habits

Hummingbirds primarily feed on nectar from flowers, which provides them with the energy they need to sustain their rapid wing-beats. They are also known to feed on small insects, such as mosquitoes and gnats, which provide them with protein and other nutrients. Because of their high metabolism, hummingbirds must consume nectar constantly, with some species visiting up to 1,000 flowers per day.

Habitat and Range

Hummingbirds are found throughout North and South America, from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego. They can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, deserts, and even urban areas. Some species are migratory, traveling long distances each year to breed and feed in different areas.

Behavior and Reproduction

Hummingbirds are known for their aggressive behavior towards other birds, particularly when it comes to defending their territory and food sources. Males will often perform elaborate courtship displays to attract a mate, including flying in intricate patterns and making high-pitched vocalizations.

Female hummingbirds lay one or two eggs per clutch, which they incubate for around two weeks. The chicks hatch with their eyes closed and no feathers, and are completely dependent on their mother for food and protection. They fledge around three weeks after hatching and become fully independent shortly thereafter.


Although hummingbirds are not currently considered threatened or endangered, they do face a number of challenges in the wild. Habitat loss, climate change, and the use of pesticides can all have a negative impact on hummingbird populations. Additionally, some species of hummingbirds are sought after for their feathers or used in traditional medicines, which can also threaten their survival.

Hummingbirds are some of the most remarkable and unique creatures in the world. With their incredible flying abilities, vibrant colors, and fascinating behavior, it's no wonder that they continue to captivate people around the globe. By learning more about these amazing birds and taking steps to protect their habitats, we can help ensure that they continue to thrive for generations to come.

Did You Know?

Hummingbirds are known for their remarkable ability to survive in cold weather conditions, despite their small size and delicate appearance. In order to survive colder temperatures, hummingbirds have several adaptations that allow them to maintain their body temperature and energy levels. One of these adaptations is their ability to enter into a state of torpor, which is a temporary hibernation-like state that allows their body temperature to drop significantly, reducing their energy needs. Hummingbirds also have a higher metabolism than other birds, which allows them to generate body heat more efficiently. Additionally, they can fluff up their feathers to create a layer of insulation that helps to trap heat close to their body. Lastly, hummingbirds are able to increase their food intake prior to cold weather events to build up fat reserves, which can be used as an additional source of energy during times of low food availability. These adaptations, combined with their resilience and determination, allow hummingbirds to survive and thrive in colder weather conditions.

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