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A Field Guide to Birds of North America

Updated: Mar 10


Birds inhabit every continent and are among the most diverse vertebrate groups on Earth. Birds occur on land, sea, and freshwater, and in virtually every habitat, from the lowest deserts to the highest mountains. Granted there are birds that are flightless but most birds can fly, and fly great distances during migrations to mate or just avoid cold weather. North American Arctic Terns fly about 24,000+ miles each year from Northern continents to Antarctica and in some cases non-stop. Another amazing fact about some migrating birds is they can also fly at extreme altitudes. Commercial pilots have been known to see Geese and Cranes at over 30,000 feet flying.


There are more than 10,000 different bird species around the world and of those, there are over 2,000 different Birds that call North America home.


Most of us will only see a fraction of them in our lifetime. Even fewer of us will recognize the many different species of birds. The best way to keep track of the birds you come across is with a camera. Below are photos of birds we have taken over the years, and have put a name and some details to them to help you out.


Last Updated: 3/10/24


COUNT: 124 - Stay tuned, more birds are to come with each outing.


Acorn Woodpecker (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Oak Woods, Foothills Migrates: No Notes:



Allen's Hummingbird (Female) Range: West coast North America Habitat: Scrubby or brushy slopes, riparian areas Migrates: Notes:


​​Allen's Hummingbird (Male) Range: West coast North America Habitat: Scrubby or brushy slopes, riparian areas Migrates: Notes:



American Coot Range: North America Habitat: Ponds, Lakes, Marshes Migrates: South Notes:



American Coot (Juvenile) Range: North America Habitat: Ponds, Lakes, Marshes Migrates: South Notes:



American Dipper Range: Western North America Habitat: Fast moving streams Migrates: Notes:



American Flamingo ​Range: Southern Florida, Bahamas, Mexico Habitat: Lagoons, Tidal flats, swamps Migrates: Yucatan / Bahamas Notes:



​American Kestrel (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Open land, wood edges, farmland Migrates: South Notes:



American Robin (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Everywhere Migrates: No Notes:



American Wigeon (Female) Range: North America Habitat: Marshes, Lakes, Bays, Fields Migrates: South Notes:



American Wigeon (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Marshes, Lakes, Bays, Fields Migrates: South Notes:



Anna's Hummingbird Range: North America Habitat: Open Woods, Gardens, Chaparral Migrates: South Notes:



Arctic Tern Range: Arctic North America Habitat: Open Ocean, Islands, Coasts Migrates: Inland Notes:



Ash-Throated Flycatcher Range: Western North America Habitat: Semiarid country, deserts, brush, chaparral, open woods Migrates: South Notes:



Bald Eagle (Adult) Range: North America Habitat: Coasts, Rivers, Lakes, Mountains Migrates: No Notes:



Band-Tailed Pigeon Range: North America Habitat: Oak canyons, foothills, chaparral, mountain forests Migrates: Notes:



Belted Kingfisher (Male)

Range: Northern America

Habitat: Streams, Lakes, Bays, Coastlines

Migrates: South

Notes:



Black-billed Magpie Range: Northern America Habitat: Rangeland, Forest Edges, Farms Migrates: Notes:



​​Black-chinned Hummingbird (Female) Range: Western North America Habitat: Semiarid, Woodlands, Canyons Migrates: Notes:


Black-chinned Hummingbird (Male) Range: Western North America Habitat: Semiarid, Woodlands, Canyons Migrates: Notes:



Black-crowned Night Heron Range: Western North America Habitat: Marshes, Ponds, Lakes Migrates: South Notes:



Black-necked Stilt Range: North America Habitat: Marshes, mudflats Migrates: South Notes:



Black Phoebe Range: Western North America Habitat: Streams, Canyons, Parks Migrates: South Notes:



​​​Black Vulture Range: Southern North America Habitat: Wet lowland areas Migrates: No Notes:



Blue Jay Range: Mid-west North America Habitat: Oak & Pine Woods, Groves,Towns Migrates: Notes:



Brown Pelican Range: North America Coastline Habitat: Ocean, Beaches, Bays Migrates: No Notes:



Bufflehead

Range: North America

Habitat: Lakes, Ponds, Rivers

Migrates: South

Notes:



California Condor Range: California, Arizona, Utah Habitat: Mountains, Canyons, Foothills Migrates: No Notes: Endangered Species



​​California Quail (Male) Range: Western North America Habitat: Woodland Edges, Chaparral, Dry open areas Migrates: Notes:



California Thrasher Range: Western North America Habitat: Dense brush, scrub oak, along desert streams, thickets Migrates: Notes:



​​California Towhee Range: South Western North America Habitat: Brushy areas, chaparral, canyons Migrates: No Notes:



​​Calliope Hummingbird (Female) Range: Western North America Habitat: Mountains, Canyons Migrates: South Notes:



Canadian Goose Range: North America Habitat: Any place there's water... Migrates: South Notes:



Canadian Goose Gosling Range: North America Habitat: Any place there's water... Migrates: South Notes:



Cassin's Kingbird Range: Midwest North America Habitat: Semiopen Country, Mountains, Groves Migrates: South Notes:



Chipping Sparrow Range: North America Habitat: Open woods, Orchards, Towns Migrates: South Notes:



​​​​​​Cinnamon Teal (Female) Range: Western North America Habitat: Marshes, Ponds, Fields Migrates: South Notes:



​​​​​​Cinnamon Teal (Male) Range: Western North America Habitat: Marshes, Ponds, Fields Migrates: South Notes:



Common Yellowthroat (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Marshes, Woodlands, Swamps Migrates: South Notes:



​​Coopers Hawk (Adult) Range: North America Habitat: Open woodlands, Forests, Dry open areas Migrates: South Notes:



Coopers Hawk (Juvenile) Range: North America Habitat: Open woodlands, Forests, Dry open areas Migrates: South Notes:



​​Costa's Hummingbird (Male) Range: Western North America Habitat: Deserts, Chaparrel, Hillsides Migrates: South Notes:



Crow Range: North America Habitat: Everywhere Migrates: No Notes:



Dark-eyed Junco (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Open woods, Brush Migrates: South Notes:




Fearless Snake Hunter - The Roadrunner uses a bizarre method to hunt venomous snakes. It will fluff its feathers, spread its wings and taunt the snake to strike! The roadrunner tries to keep far enough away so that when the snake strikes, it may only graze the feathers, missing the skin. A Roadrunner will make a snake strike three or four times to wear it down or continue to taunt it until the striking stops. At that point, the Roadrunner uses its large bill as a weapon and strikes the snake's head a couple of times. Afterward, it picks up the snake and whips it around until dead. Bird Trivia ~Stan Tekiela

Double-Crested Cormorant Range: Western North America Habitat: Coasts, Lakes, Rivers Migrates: Notes:



​​Great Blue Heron Range: North America Habitat: Marshes, Swamps, Shores Migrates: Notes: More Details



Great Egret Range: North America Habitat: Marshes, Ponds, Shores, Mudflats Migrates: Southern Central America Notes:



Greater Yellowlegs Sandpiper Range: North America Habitat: Wetlands, Bogs Migrates: South Notes:



Green-winged Teal (Female) Range: North America Habitat: Marshes, Ponds, Shores Migrates: Southern Central America Notes:



Grey Heron Range: North America Habitat: Marshes, Swamps, Shores Migrates: Notes:


Ground Dove (Juvenile) Range: North America Habitat: Open Woods, Fields, Grasslands Migrates: South Notes:



Heeman's Gull (Juvenile) Range: Western North America Habitat: Ocean, Coastlines Migrates: Notes:



Herring Gull Range: North America Habitat: Oceans, Coasts, Bays Migrates: South Notes:



​​​Hooded Merganser (Female) Range: North America Habitat: Wooded Lakes, Ponds, Rivers Migrates: South Notes:



​​Hooded Merganser (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Wooded Lakes, Ponds, Rivers Migrates: South Notes:



​​​Hooded Oriole (Male) Range: Western North America Habitat: Open Woods, Shade Trees Migrates: South Notes:



House Finch (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Cities, Suburbs, prefers drier habitats Migrates: Notes:



House Sparrow (Male) Range: North / Central America Habitat: Cities, Towns, Farms Migrates: Notes:



Iceland Gull Range: Eastern North America Habitat: Ocean, Coastline, Lakes Migrates: Notes: Visits west coast



Killdeer Plover Range: North / Central America Habitat: Shores, Mudflats Migrates: South Notes:




Head-Turners - No, owls cannot twist their heads all the way around, as some people think. With 14 vertebrae in their necks (people have half as many), owls can turn their heads to an incredible 280 degrees. Bird Trivia ~Stan Tekiela

​​

Lesser Goldfinch Range: North America Habitat: Open Woods, Fields, Grasslands Migrates: Southwest North America Notes:



​​​Lesser Yellowlegs Range: Northern America Habitat: Marshes, Mudflats, Ponds Migrates: South Notes:



​​​​Mallard Duck (Female) Range: North America Habitat: Lakes, Ponds, Rivers Migrates: Southern North America Notes:



​​Mallard Duck (Juvenile) Range: North America Habitat: Lakes, Ponds, Rivers Migrates: Southern North America Notes:



Mallard Duck (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Lakes, Ponds, Rivers Migrates: Southern North America Notes:



Mockingbird Range: Southern / Central America Habitat: Towns, Parks, Gardens Migrates: Notes:


Morning Dove Range: North America Habitat: Open Woods, Fields, Grasslands Migrates: South Notes:



Muscovy Duck Range: Tropical America Habitat: Ponds, Wooded Rivers, Backwaters Migrates: Notes: Scarce



Mute Swan Range: North America Habitat: Ponds, Coastal Bays, Lagoons Migrates: South Notes:



Northern Flicker Red Shafted (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Open forests, woodlands Migrates: Notes: Member of the Woodpecker family



​​Northern Flicker Yellow Shafted (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Open forests, woodlands Migrates: Notes: Member of the Woodpecker family



Northern Harrier Range: North America Habitat: Fields, Farmland, Prairies Migrates: South Notes:



​​​​​​Northern Pintail (Female) Range: North America Habitat: Marshes, Prairies, Ponds, Lakes, Salt Bays Migrates: South Notes:



​​​​​​Northern Pintail (Male) Range: North America Habitat: Marshes, Prairies, Ponds, Lakes, Salt Bays Migrates: South Notes:



Northern Shoveler (Female) Range: North America Habitat: Marshes, Ponds Migrates: Southern Central America Notes:​



Osprey Range: North America Habitat: Rivers, Lakes, Marshes, Coasts Migrates: Southern Central America Notes:



Peregrine Falcon Range: North America Habitat: Cliffs, Cities Migrates: South Notes: